$ Mass Market Paperback. High School Nicknames Throughout History: the Best Humor from Blue Donut. $ Kindle Edition. Books by Don Steinberg.
Table of contents
- Most Viewed Stories
- Over 500 Camp Names for Staff
- 15 best Irish jokes of all time - Irish Mirror Online
- See a Problem?
There are many other specialized doughnut shapes such as old-fashioned , bars or Long Johns a rectangular shape , or with the dough twisted around itself before cooking. In the northeast United States, bars and twists are usually referred to as crullers. Another is the beignet , a square-shaped doughnut covered with powdered sugar, commonly associated with New Orleans. While food resembling doughnuts has been found at many ancient sites, the earliest origins to the modern doughnuts are generally traced back to the olykoek "oil y cake" Dutch settlers brought with them to early New York or New Amsterdam.
These doughnuts closely resembled later ones but did not yet have their current ring-sized shape. The name oly koeks was almost certainly related to the oliekoek: According to anthropologist Paul R.
Mullins , the first cookbook mentioning doughnuts was an English volume which included doughnuts in an appendix of American recipes. He also traces its origins to the oliekoek that arrived in America with the Dutch settlers in the early 18th century. By the midth century, the doughnut looked and tasted like today's doughnut, and was viewed as a thoroughly American food.
Hanson Gregory, an American, claimed to have invented the ring-shaped doughnut in aboard a lime-trading ship when he was 16 years old. Gregory was dissatisfied with the greasiness of doughnuts twisted into various shapes and with the raw center of regular doughnuts. He claimed to have punched a hole in the center of dough with the ship's tin pepper box, and to have later taught the technique to his mother.
Another theory on their origin came to light in , when a recipe for "dow nuts" was found in a book of recipes and domestic tips written around by the wife of Baron Thomas Dimsdale ,  the recipe being given to the dowager Baroness by an acquaintance who transcribed for her the cooking instructions for a "dow nut". The earliest known recorded usage of the term dates to an short story  describing a spread of "fire-cakes and dough-nuts". Washington Irving 's reference to "doughnuts" in in his History of New York is more commonly cited as the first written recording of the term.
Irving described "balls of sweetened dough, fried in hog's fat, and called doughnuts, or olykoeks. The word nut is here used in the earlier sense of "small rounded cake or cookie". Peck , published in , in which a character is quoted as saying, "Pa said he guessed he hadn't got much appetite, and he would just drink a cup of coffee and eat a donut. Edge Donuts, an American passion the alternative spelling "donut" was invented when the New York—based Display Doughnut Machine Corporation abbreviated the word to make it more pronounceable by the foreigners they hoped would buy their automated doughnut making equipment.
In four articles beginning October 9, two mention the donut spelling. Dunkin' Donuts , which was so-named in , following its founding under the name Open Kettle Quincy, Massachusetts , is the oldest surviving company to use the donut variation; other chains, such as the defunct Mayflower Doughnut Corporation , did not use that spelling. Because of the difficulties of providing freshly baked goods from huts established in abandoned buildings near the front lines, the two Salvation Army volunteers Ensign Margaret Sheldon and Adjutant Helen Purviance came up with the idea of providing doughnuts.
These are reported to have been an "instant hit", and "soon many soldiers were visiting The Salvation Army huts". Margaret Sheldon wrote of one busy day: In the US, especially in Southern California , fresh doughnuts sold by the dozen at local doughnut shops are typically packaged in generic pink boxes. This phenomenon can be attributed to Ted Ngoy and Ning Yen, refugees of the Cambodian genocide who transformed the local doughnut shop industry.
They proved so adept at the business and in training fellow Chinese Cambodian refugees to follow suit that these local doughnut shops soon dominated native franchises such as Winchell's Donuts. Initially desiring boxes of a lucky red color rather than the standard white, Ngoy and Yen settled on a cheaper, leftover pink stock.
Owing to the success of their business, the color soon became a recognizable standard. Due to the locality of Hollywood , the pink boxes frequently appeared as film and television props and were thus transmitted into popular culture. Yeast doughnuts and cake doughnuts contain most of the same ingredients, however, their structural differences arise from the type of flour and leavening agent used. In cake doughnuts, cake flour is used, and the resulting doughnut is denser because cake flour has a relatively low gluten content of about 7 to 8 percent.
In cake doughnuts, the most common leavening agent is baking powder. This neutralizes the base and produces more CO 2 according to the following equation: The physical structure of the doughnut is created by the combination of flour, leavening agent, sugar, eggs, salt, water, shortening, milk solids, and additional components. The most important ingredients for creating the dough network are the flour and eggs.
Specifically, "the backbone of the gluten network likely consists of the largest glutenin molecules, or subunits, aligned and tightly linked to one another. These tightly linked glutenin subunits associate more loosely, along with gliadin, into larger gluten aggregates. In mixing, the gluten is developed when the force of the mixer draws the gluten from the wheat endosperm, allowing the gluten matrix to trap the gas cells. Eggs function as emulsifiers , foaming agents, and tenderizers in the dough.
Egg solids, chiefly the egg white solids combined with the moisture in the egg, are considered structure-forming materials that help significantly to produce proper volume, grain, and texture. Emulsifying agents are essential to doughnut formation because they prevent the fat molecules from separating from the water molecules in the dough. The main emulsifier in egg yolk is called lecithin, which is a phospholipid. It is this ability to attract both lipids and water that allow phospholipids such as lecithin to act as emulsifiers.
- You're almost done. Please check your email..
- Basketball Nicknames.
- Better Off Undead.
- Over Camp Names for Staff - Summer Camp Programming!
When heat is applied to the dough, the egg proteins will begin to unfold, or denature, and then form new bonds with one another, thus creating a gel-like network that can hold water and gas. Shortening is responsible for providing tenderness and aerating the dough. The sugar used in baking is essentially sucrose, and besides imparting sweetness in the doughnut, sugar also functions in the color and tenderness of the final product. Sucrose is a simple carbohydrate whose structure is made up of a glucose molecule bound to a fructose molecule.
These solids are obtained by removing most of the water from skim milk with heat, and this heat additionally denatures the whey proteins and increases the absorption properties of the remaining proteins. The major whey protein in the nonfat milk solids is known as beta-lactoglobulin, and a crucial feature of its structure is that there exists a single sulfhydryl group that is protected by the alpha helix, and when heating of the milk solids occurs, these groups participate in disulfide exchanges with other molecules.
This interchange prevents the renaturation of the whey proteins. Water is a necessary ingredient in the production of doughnuts because it activates the other ingredients, allowing them to perform their functions in building the doughnut's structure. For example, sugar and salt crystals must be dissolved in order for them to act in the dough, whereas larger molecules, such as the starches or proteins, must be hydrated in order for them to absorb moisture.
Pure water consists of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen, but water used in baking often is not pure. Doughnuts are unhealthy,  some less so than others. An important property of the dough that affects the final product is the dough's rheology. This property measures the ability of the dough to flow. It can be represented by the power law equation: Dough is usually described as a viscoelastic material, meaning that its rheology depends on both the viscosity and the elasticity.
The viscosity coefficient and the flow index are unique to the type of dough being analyzed, while the tangentic stress and the shear rate are measurements obtained depending on the type force being applied to the dough. In South Africa , an Afrikaans variation known as the koeksister is popular. Another variation, similar in name, is the Cape Malay koesister being soaked in a spiced syrup and coated in coconut. It has a texture similar to more traditional doughnuts as opposed to the Afrikaans variety.
It is served with mince, syrup, honey or jam. In Tunisia , traditional pastries similar to doughnuts are yo-yos. They come in different versions both as balls and in shape of doughnuts. They are deep-fried and covered in a honey syrup or a kind of frosting. Sesame seeds are also used for flavor and decoration along with orange juice and vanilla. In Morocco , Sfenj is a similar pastry eaten sprinkled with sugar or soaked in honey. A few sweet, doughnut-style pastries are regional in nature. Chinese restaurants in the United States sometimes serve small fried pastries similar to doughnut holes with condensed milk as a sauce.
These pastries are not sweet and are often served with congee , a traditional rice porridge. In India , an old-fashioned sweet called gulgula is made of sweetened, deep-fried flour balls. A leavening agent may or may not be used. In India , there are a couple of unrelated doughnut-shaped food items. A savory, fried, ring-shaped snack called a vada is often referred to as the Indian doughnut.
The vada is made from dal , lentil or potato flours rather than wheat flour.
- Matter (Culture series Book 8).
- Doughnut - Wikipedia.
- It All Began...When Jesus Gave Me Sneakers!
In South India, a vada is eaten with sambar and a coconut chutney. Sweet pastries similar to old-fashioned doughnuts called badushahi and jalebi are also popular. Balushahi , also called badushah , is made from flour, deep fried in clarified butter, and dipped in sugar syrup. Unlike a doughnut, balushahi is dense. A balushahi is ring-shaped, but the well in the center does not go all the way through to form a hole typical of a doughnut.
Jalebi , which is typically pretzel-shaped, is made by deep frying batter in oil and soaking it in sugar syrup. Along with these Indian variants, typical varieties of doughnuts are also available from U. The Persian zoolbia and bamiyeh are fritters of various shapes and sizes coated in a sugar syrup. Traditional sufganiyot are filled with red jelly and topped with icing sugar.
However, many other varieties exist, with some being filled with dulce de leche particularly common after the South American aliyah early in the 21st century. An-doughnut is similar to Germany's Berliner , except it contains red azuki bean paste. Mister Donut is one of the most popular doughnut chains in Japan. Native to Okinawa is a spheroid pastry similar to doughnuts called sata andagi. Kuih keria is a hole doughnut made from boiled sweet potato that is mashed. The sweet potato mash is shaped into rings and fried. The hot doughnut is then rolled in granulated sugar. The result is a doughnut with a sugar-crusted skin.
Sel roti is a Nepali homemade, ring-shaped, rice doughnut prepared during Tihar , the widely celebrated Hindu festival in Nepal. A semiliquid dough is usually prepared by adding milk, water, sugar, butter, cardamom, and mashed banana to rice flour, which is often left to ferment for up to 24 hours. A sel roti is traditionally fried in ghee.
- Navigation menu.
- Der Milliardär und die Tänzerin (German Edition).
- BARBAROSSAS PRINCESS (ITALIAN WRITERS ABROAD);
- + Basketball Nicknames for Guys and Girls | HowTheyPlay!
- Basketball Nicknames for Guys.
Doughnuts are available at most bakeries across Pakistan. The Navaz Sharif variety, available mainly in the city of Karachi , is covered in chocolate and filled with cream, similar to a Boston cream. Doughnuts can readily be found at the many Dunkin' Donuts branches spread across Pakistan. Local varieties of doughnuts sold by peddlers and street vendors throughout the Philippines are usually made of plain well-kneaded dough, deep-fried in refined coconut oil and sprinkled with refined not powdered or confectioner's sugar.
Native doughnut recipes include the shakoy , kumukunsi , and binangkal. Shakoy or siyakoy from the Visayas islands also known as lubid-lubid in the northern Philippines uses a length of dough twisted into a distinctive rope-like shape before being fried. The preparation is almost exactly the same as doughnuts, though there are variants made from glutinous rice flour.
The texture can range from soft and fluffy, to sticky and chewy, to hard and crunchy. They are sprinkled with white sugar, but can also be topped with sesame seeds or caramelized sugar. Ooo, I like Whisper…if that fits you. It should be a name that fits. If you are on the quiet side, Whisper is great. If you feel that you kind of go unnoticed then Shadow works well.
Check out the book I mentioned to get an idea of who Alice Quinn is. This is gonna be my first summer camp this year and I really want to have a cool name. Yn just so the name suits m personality. You are apparently the opposite. Go through the names and see what works for you.
Let me know what you end up choosing, and good luck with camp. One of our girls is FX because she makes so many sounds. One girl is Book Mark. She reads a lot so has to mark her book to join the adventures. We have also used Crayola, Blueberry, and Dash. Our camp names were assigned by the other staff members based on pre-camp.
Most Viewed Stories
I was Cypher due to my ability to comprehend nervous parents and strange registration forms. I find that parents like the idea of camp names. My camp name is Glitch. I got it for my uncanny ability to accidentally break electronics, and my friends are named Pixel and Digit. I love both of those names.
I also dig that movie. Good luck with camp. I started out as a counselor at an outdoor school camp program. So, I like it. Hey i love this list but is there any way you can give me some ideas for a name for a spa related camp theme and also you should put sprinkles to the list. Hi Sprinkles, I will certainly add your name to the list.
As for spa related theme names, I am coming up blank. Like the titaness, not the actor. I am trying to come up with a name that has to do with being adventurous or being a daredevil. I was wondering if you could give me some suggestions. I need a camp name. I am at a loss for a name that is associated with crafts. The only things that come to mine are Pinterest and Etsy. Or maybe Arty for artist. I guess Crafty could work, too. Thanks for adding these camp names, Moose! Today at camp went great and the girls got a real kick out of my camp name.
Thanks a lot man! I love that, Laurie. Glad the list came in handy for you. Good luck with your book. Let me know when you publish it. So when the kids ask for our real names we tell them our real name is insert camp name here.. A few other camp names here is.. Spider Monkey, thanks for leaving the comment. Those are some fun names.
Over 500 Camp Names for Staff
They are staff recommended and chosen by you, the recipient. The question then is, how many staff are using their new names now that summer is over? Adventure can mean so many things. Being an adventurist covers a lot of territory. It could mean a traveler of exotic locales, someone who partakes in high-adrenaline sports, or someone who likes to simply backpack long distances. When thinking of a name I like to do a couple of things. The first is to think of a few animals that represent the characteristics I want to be known for.
Would they make good camp names? I also like to think of characters of books and movies that encompass certain characteristics. What fictional or historical characters are considered adventurists? The third thing I do is check an online thesaurus for synonyms. There are plenty of names in this post that represent adventure.
Good luck with your search. Absolutely love this list!! Hiring throughout the year means naming staff year round and this list is great! Tips for Choosing a Great Nickname Now that you've read through some example nicknames, it's time to come up with some awesome basketball nicknames for yourself and your teammates. Throwbacks never hurt anyone! Well that all depends. Poop-a-loochki on the courts, would ya? Do be careful with this one, some of us had really odd nicknames as babies!
What my nickname im a 3-pointer, dunker, and i got a sharp jumpshot.
15 best Irish jokes of all time - Irish Mirror Online
See a Problem?
This service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. Some articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. Some articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. This is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal.